Tuesday, April 2, 2013

The magic of coffee

Arrival of coffee in our region 

The effect of coffee has been known for over 3,000 years. The beginnings of her connection with Ethiopian Galla tribe. Specifically, these Ethiopians were mixed fruit coffee with animal fat and consumed it as a stimulant before going out to battle.

From Ethiopia, coffee is transferred Arab merchants in Arabia, where she began to cultivate and call common name for any drink - qahwa. As the alcohol was banned, coffee became more popular, and for qahwa became synonymous with black precious beverage.

Traveling the world, coffee has arrived in Europe 1615th through the Venetian traders. From Venice to spread throughout Italy, where many, especially the Roman Catholic Church opposed its use.

Seeing how coffee distracts people from the church, as many Muslims have experienced before in Makkah, the bishops addressed to the Pope Clement IX. Their intention was to prohibit the Pope the devil's drink.However, the Pope concluded to be the smartest machine baptized.

This has become a coffee and Christian beverage by Pope's blessing.

Effect of coffee on the body

Coffee and Mood

Australian scientists have managed to prove that coffee improves processing of information and the extent of listening and receiving messages incentive. They claim that caffeine makes people better mood, and strengthens the ability to review content of the messages, which are easier to use with the message.

Coffee keeps your brain healthy

Ten-year study found that in people who drank three cups of coffee per day or less decreased mental ability in later years.

In a study conducted at the National Institute of Public Health in the Netherlands participated in 676 people from several European countries, and observed for ten years. Tests which are examining their cognitive ability showed that the mental ability of a person other than chicken coffee declined four times faster.

According to the explanation of the scientists who conducted the research caffeine enhances memory by affecting the brain receptors.

Coffee affects blood pressure

2002nd The research was conducted at a university in the United States, conducted 1,000 medical students found that people who consume large amounts of coffee have elevated blood pressure.

Does coffee cause heart attacks?

Research completed in the year 2000 spent on 20,000 Finns gave indisputable evidence links the consumption of large amounts of coffee and heart disease.

Back pain

People who drank less than one cup of coffee a day often suffer from back pain.

Coffee and diabetes

Research conducted 2003rd at Harvard University found that people who drank five cups of coffee a day reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by 30%.

Ingredients in coffee

Caffeine, the chemical formula C8H10O2N4, the main ingredient in coffee is responsible for most of the effects on the body. Besides caffeine, coffee contains Trigonelline under the influence of heat, so the cooking turns into vitamin niacin (vitamin B group). Coffee also contains about 600 volatile aroma, protein, water, fat and mineral salts.

Serving of coffee

Black coffee is served after the meal. it ends with lunch or dinner, and it is the sign that will soon rise from the table. It is customary to black coffee served at the same table and eat that, while in other countries it is subsequently served with cigarettes or liquor.

All types of coffee

Englishman, George Constant Washington, who lived in Guatemala, is responsible for the existence of instant coffee, a Swiss company "Nestle" is producing today, "instantice".

Espresso machine, which in 1901. Luigi Bezzera patented, has created another type kavopija. Espresso is a beverage made release of steam under pressure through the coffee. It is much richer and more concentrated than standard filter coffee. Used as the basis for many types of popular beverages, such as cappuccino or latte.

Cappuccino lovers should remember the name of Achilles and Gaggie who perfected espresso machine and enable the production of cappuccino. Cappuccino is a beverage made from espresso and equal amounts of heated and heated milk. Hot milk mixed with espresso coffee and froth the milk is put on top. The most common ratio used is 1/3 espresso, 1/3 warmed milk and 1/3 of the milk foam.

Americano espresso drink made of espresso coffee that is put in a cup of hot water.

Latte is a drink made of espresso and a cup of heated milk. The ratio used is 1/3 espresso and 2/3 of heated milk.

Macchiato is a beverage made from espresso with a little heated or foam milk added to the top.

Doppio is a beverage made of two cups of espresso and a cup of hot water

Although it will make kavopije look with suspicion on decaf should know that it is a long drink. Treatment dekofeinizacije coffee, in fact, there's since 1903. when the German merchant Ludwig Roselius gave scientists a greater amount of damaged coffee beans that could not sell. They designed a way to remove the caffeine in order to rest him only 2 to 4 mg per cup, and without destroying the original flavor.

Dependence on coffee

Middle of last year, French scientists have come to the conclusion that coffee is not addictive.

Astrid Nehlig laboratory of INSERM, the French National Institute of Health, announced that the administration of moderate doses of caffeine rats does not stimulate the activity of the brain called the nucleus accumbens, which plays a role in addiction. Unlike caffeine and a minimum dose of cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine and morphine activate that part of the brain.

Although caffeine has some features in common with narcotic drugs would hardly be considered drugs because they are the main mechanisms of action of caffeine and drugs completely different. 

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