Saturday, May 5, 2012

The role of salt in the diet

Salt is considered a source of health, which is named after the Roman goddess of health, Sal, and it contains very important minerals, sodium and chlorine, necessary for the human organism
Unavoidable in the diet, in some periods and a symbol of wealth in the last fifty years is coming off the majority of experts from around the world on the grounds that, with other risk factors, can trigger many diseases. Was even labeled as "white death". For this reason, doctors insist that it is less frequent in the menu, especially in the diet of children.

However, research shows that there is no solid evidence that increased salt intake in children later leads to hypertension, in which the most alerts. But because research has shown otherwise. If the infant gives more salt, fifteen years later the pressure will be different compared to children who are not eating salty foods in the earliest period of life.

The population of children from 7 to 19 The analyzes were conducted on the introduction of salt, but dosoljavanjem. With seven years, between 60 and 70 percent of children dosoljava food after trying it on.From 3 to 10 percent still dosoljava food, and not to test, while 35 percent never dosoljava not food. With nineteen years, the percentage of food never dosoljavaju reduced to 20 percent, while others remain almost the same habits. Even 60 percent of the adult population dosoljava after trying it on food, 10 percent dosoljava, and that is not testing, while only 30 percent never eat what you do not dosoljava. Practically, most dosoljava food, but more in the city than in rural areas, because of habit acquired a taste for salty, in various industrial products such as chips, snacks, peanut ... And that is where industrial products are simply surrounded, and who have a taste for more salt, the story would be something different, say experts. We should not forget that the present very long time in nutrition. They say they had found records from the Neolithic period. And until the middle of last century, salt was highly valued as a spice. In some periods, the privilege to use so they had only the rich people and wealthy families. Considered a source of health, which is named after the Roman goddess of health, Sal.
If used in a moderate way, so it is. It contains very important minerals sodium and chlorine, which are essential for the human organism. Given that the daily requirement for sodium between one and one and a half gram, and the chlorine of one and a half to two and a half grams a day is enough to take only two and a half grams of salt and replace the minerals that are found in other foods.
While there was no ready-made food industry, one of the requirements that could have easily complied with. The introduction of fast food, which is due to the intensification of taste saltier, all we are less able to control the amount of salt in what we eat. For example, paste smeared on the bread has 0.4 grams of salt, soup in a plastic bag for up to 10 grams, 50 grams of potato chips has 0.7 grams of salt.
And excessive salt intake is associated with the occurrence of many diseases, especially hypertension.Among other risk factors, high blood pressure can lead to other cardiovascular diseases and even heart attack and stroke. The Japanese, for example, have an increased number of gastric cancer, thanks, in part, the traditional presence of large amounts of salt in the diet. In addition, a large intake of sodium by salt, can lead to increased excretion of calcium, which is especially disadvantageous for osteoporosis.

Heat and salt
In summer Zegama and extremely high temperatures, the body loses large amounts of sweat electrolytes. In such a situation are recommended saltier saltier soups and other dishes, in order to compensate for their absence.

Daily requirements
To also introduced to the population in normal amounts, the British Committee on Nutrition has given the scale of daily needs. On this scale preschoolers should eat less than two grams of salt, elementary school children between three and four grams, and adults five to seven grams of this vitally important ingredient in the diet.
Otherwise, the increasing obesity in children is considered to be the consequence of creating a stronger habit of salty and sweet tastes. Such children have a need for greater amounts of food to satisfy the need for more intense flavors, as in later, adult life, it's hard eradicate. Therefore, children between the first and second year should not be given a very spicy dishes, but they get used to the mild taste.

Favors the development helicobakter pylori
A diet high in salt increases the risk of gastric cancer, say British researchers. High concentrations of sodium chloride salt loaded with food especially suitable for development helicobacter pylori, the bacteria responsible, in most cases, the occurrence of ulcers in the stomach and duodenum. So, if you can not live without salt, it is after a meal drink a glass of water, experts advise. The water reduces the salt concentration and helps to easier digestion. 

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